>> Thursday, January 22, 2009

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a collection of symptoms including inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

Inattention symptoms
1.) Unable to pay close attention to details
2.) Making careless mistakes in schoolwork or other activities
3.) Difficulty sustaining attention
4.) Seems not to listen when spoken to
5.) Doesn't follow directions or failure to complete tasks
6.) Avoids tasks that require mental effort e.g. homework
7.) Loosing necessary things to complete a tasks
8.) Easily distracted
9.) Frequently forgetfulness in daily activities e.g. tying shoes, zipping pants, etc.

Hyperactivity Symptoms
1.) Fidgeting or squirming
2.) Difficulty staying seated when expected to
3.) Running or climbing in situations in which it is inappropriate
4.) Difficulty playing quietly
5.) Often acting as driven by a motor
6.) Talking excessively

Impulsive Symptoms
1.) Blurting out answers before questions have been completed
2.) Difficulty awaiting turn
3.) Interrupting conversations or intruding on others

Children who have at least six symptoms of inattention are described as having ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type. Children who have at least six symptoms in some combination of hyperactivity and impulsivity are described as having ADHD Predominantly Hyperactivity-Impulsive Type. Children who meet both of these requirements are described as ADHD, Combined type.

Remember this as regards to the diagnosis of ADHD. An ADHD diagnosis requires that symptoms be present for at least six months. By definition ADHD symptoms begin before the age of seven. It doesn't mean symptoms were significantly impairing before age seven, because children are not often required to sit for long periods of time. Symptoms must be impairing to social or academic functioning. ADHD symptoms are not always a problem; it is a matter of degree. They also must be present in more than one setting such as home and school. Symptoms must be inappropriate for the child's developmental age, not chronological age. For example, if a four year old child has developmental delays and is functioning at a two-year-old level, his ADHD symptoms must be out of the norm for a two-year-old not four-year-old. Not every child who presents ADHD symptoms must not better be explained by another diagnosis. Children who are anxious or depressed or who have learning disabilities or allergies and intolerances will also not pay attention well.

0 special comments: